What is Gingivitis?
During the early stage of gingivitis, bacteria in plaque build up, causing the gums to become irritated and inflamed and will bleed during normal tooth brushing. Although the gums may be irritated, the teeth are still solidly planted in their sockets. No irreversible bone or tissue damage is present.
What is Periodontitis?
When gingivitis is left untreated, it can advance to periodontitis and ultimately to tooth loss. Periodontitis causes the inner layer of the gum and bone to pull away from the teeth and form periodontal pockets. When debris gets trapped in the spaces between teeth and gums, it can cause infection. The body’s immune system tries to fight off the bacteria as the plaque spreads and grows below the gum line.
What Are The Signs Of Periodontal Disease?
Even in the later stages of gum disease, it may progress painlessly, producing few clear signs. The symptoms of gum disease include:
- Receding gums
- Tender, swollen, or red gums
- Gums that bleed during and after tooth brushing
- Persistent bad breath or bad taste in the mouth
- Formation of deep pockets between teeth and gums
- Changes in the way teeth fit together when biting down
- Loose or shifting teeth